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  • Pont de Normandie
    views: 11 / posted byvladimir 2 ноября 2009

    The Pont de Normandie is a cable-stayed road bridge that spans the river Seine linking Le Havre to Honfleur in Normandy, northern France.


    Photo 1, Pont de Normandie, France


    Pont de Normandie

    Carries                  A29 autoroute

    Crosses                  Seine

    Locale                   Le HavreHonfleur, France

    Design                   Cable-stayed bridge M. Virlogeux, F. Doyelle, C. Lavigne

    Total length           2,143.21 metres (7,032 ft)

    Width                    23.60 metres (77 ft)

    Height                   214.77 metres (705 ft)

    Longest span          856 metres (2,808 ft)

    Opening date         1995


    Photo 2, Pont de Normandie, France



    The bridge was designed by Michel Virlogeux with the help of Igor Zizic. The architects were François Doyelle and Charles Lavigne. Construction by Bouygues, Campenon Bernard, Dumez, Monberg & Thorson, Quillery, Sogea and Spie Batignolles began in 1988 and lasted 7 years. The bridge opened on 20 January 1995.


    Photo 3, Pont de Normandie, France


    At that time the bridge was both the longest cable-stayed bridge in the world, and had the record for the longest distance between piers for any cable-stayed bridge. It was more than 250 m longer between piers than the previous record. This record was lost in 1999 to the Tatara Bridge in Japan. Its record for length for a cable-stayed bridge was lost in 2004 to the 2883 meters of the Rio-Antirrio. At the end of construction, the bridge had cost $465 million and was financed by Natixis.

    The cable-stayed design was chosen because it was both cheaper and more resistant to high winds than a suspension bridge.


    Photo 4, Pont de Normandie, France



    The span, 23.6 metres (77 ft) wide, is divided into four lanes for traffic and two lanes for pedestrians. The pylons, made of concrete, are shaped as upside-down Ys. They weigh more than 20,000 tons and are 214.77 metres (705 ft) tall. More than 19,000 tons of steel were used and 184 cables were used.


    Photo 5, Pont de Normandie, France


    Photo 6, Pont de Normandie, France


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